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Some information about liquefied gas

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Some information about liquefied gas

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Its installation

The liquefied petroleum gas is part of the group of light hydrocarbons which are called (liquid gas), it is a mixture of equal percentages of propane (C3 H8) and butane (C4 H10) with a tiny amount of other hydrocarbon materials, its marketing in the world began in 1912

Its sources

Natural gas comes out from gas wells and consists of methane by 90% and propane by 5% and a mixture of other gases by 5%, including butane and ethane. Propane and butane are extracted from natural gas and then are being mixed together in equal proportion, Propane and butane are separated in specific refineries and the output of the remaining gases are used in factories in form of natural gas. The gas can be extracted of crude oil refining, where more than 3% of the components of a barrel of crude oil is a LPC.

Its Properties Odor, color:

LPG is odorless and colorless. To detect it, a substance of pungent smell is added to know it when there is a leakage.

Toxicity:

LPG is not toxic, but it is suffocating when air is saturated with it.

Density:

depends on the mixing ratio which is equivalent to 0.55 g / cm 3 approximately, and in the gaseous state it is twice heavier than air, causing its accumulation in low places.

Its usage:

 Choosing LPG for getting thermal energy is a good healthy solution as it keeps the environment from pollution due to the lack of clear waste from its burning, at the same time it gives an excellent amount of energy, and has multiple uses. Including its usage in homes for cooking or heating, or heating water in swimming pools, it also has industrial use in smelting and electroplating, thermal dryers and bakery ovens. Also it is used in compressed cans (Aersol) such as pesticides, insecticides and air fresheners, also in agricultural it is used in heating greenhouses and poultry farms, chicken hatcheries and their cabins. Finally, there are some countries which use vehicles powered by liquefied petroleum gas.

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